David Cameron speech on multiculturealism

In a speech held by the former Prime Minister of England David Cameron in 2012 at the Munich Security Conference, Cameron talks about the importance of security and prevention of terrorist attacks from foreign and from your own citizens.

Cameron also talks about the difference between Islam and Islamic extremist. It was here he clearly states that the importance of the distinction between the two, is as stated that Islam is known as the religion of peace, and Islamic extremism is a political ideology. As he continued with saying that terrorism isn’t exclusively connected to any ethnic group or religion.

David Cameron also came up with a few solutions for terrorism. His argument was that there are many different reasons that someone wants to make I extreme act, to send a message. And therefore his solution was that we have to make stronger societies and identities at home, and by a ripple effect it will make it possible for immigrants to make our country, theirs. For this reason, he believes in fighting for that his country is going to be a more including society and a more liberal one. He believes that liberalism could help people feel like they actually belong to the society they live in, and that will help them feel proud of saying “Yes I am a Muslim”  or  “Yes I am Hindu” without having any fear. Cameron continues to say that it will take a lot of stamina and persistence, but this is a challenge we can not avoid.

“Non-violent extremists are just as dangerous as violent ones”

In my opinion, there is an argument for an against this accusation. On the one hand, there is a non-violent extremist who shares their thoughts and ideas to all people that are willing to listen, but those nothing about it. What is dangerous about this you ask? The reason this can be so intimidating to the public is that the people who share this kind of ideology wants their message to be heard, and it is the people that are listening to these ideas that can be turned to becoming an extremist. And the people that are becoming violent, can commit terrible acts and kill innocent people to please some God. In the history of the world, no man has ever cut a mans head off and yelled “In the name of nothing”

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Gran Torino: Movie poster analysis

In class, we were given an old movie poster of a film called Gran Torino. In the poster, there is an old man with some kind of hunting rifle, with a car which I think is an American muscle car. If I had to make something out of this poster by its symbolism, I would start by seeing the old man as a symbol of stubbornness, and a man set in his ways and the hunting rifle as a symbol of the American constitution 2and amendment which allows any American to carry arms. In the background of the poster, there is a muscle car, which can represent the strength of this man on the picture. the poster is also very dark, were the only bright spot is the man on the front. This can represent a hero, a contrast to the dark (evil).

Hunger crisis in Africa

Because of the increasing human population in the world today, the human race has to develop new methods to sustain the food production, and not only sustain it but increase it by 50% by the year 2050. The land, biodiversity, oceans, forests and other forms of natural capital are being depleted at unprecedented rates. Unless we change the way we grow our food and manage our natural capital, food security, especially for the worlds poorest, will be at risk.

High-level task force on global food and nutrition security 

The dramatic rise in global food prices and the crisis led the UN Chief Executive Board in April 2008 to establish a High-level task force on global food and nutrition security. This task force was composed of 23 key members of the UN system, it is chaired by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.  The primary aim of the task force is to promote a response from the international community to the challenge of achieving global food and nutrition security.

Hunger in numbers

The latest available estimates indicate that about 795 million people in the world, ( 1 in 9) were undernourished in 2014-2016. That means that these people were not able to live healthy and active lives. The hunger and malnutrition are in fact the number one risk to health worldwide. Even greater than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.

“The world is facing its greatest humanitarian crisis since 1945, says the United Nations humanitarian coordinator, Stephen O’Brien.

All tough the world’s population is a key factor in the food crisis in the world, there are other factors involved. Poverty is an enormous reason behind this hunger issue. People who live in poverty do not have sufficient income to purchase enough food. High rates of poverty are correlated with high rates of hunger because acquiring adequate food provisions requires ample resources, not only financial but social as practical as well.

Environmental and climate changes, such as, desertification, deforestation, and most importantly drought and water shortages, which have increased poverty and hunger by reducing agricultural production and people’s incomes.

To help prevent this crisis, we can donate money to charity organizations who focus on the hunger crisis. Then we can donate food through the aid. We can at least spread awareness, the more who know about this issue, the more who help.

A visit from Western Sahara

Asria Mohammed

Asria Mohammed is an extraordinary woman. She is from Western Sahara and was raised in a refugee camp in Algerie.  She works for The Norwegian Support Committee for Western Sahara, and a few days ago she came to visit us at our school to shed a light on the tense conflict which has been around for the last century, and how the situation is now.

Western Sahara is in the north of Africa, and consist of 80 smaller countries. It was Africa’s last colony that was under European rule. The main language in western Sahara is Algerian, but still have roots back to the colonial times, and have Spanish as there second language.  During the end of the Spanish colonial period, both Morocco and Mauritania tried to occupy West Sahara.

Before the occupation, the majority of the people living in Western Sahara were the Sahrawi’s, that was until Morocco invaded Western Sahara, they brought a lot of their own people with them, and these people became settlers. Along with the flood of people from Morocco, there was a reverse stream of refugees who fled to their neighbor country Algeria. There were over 160 000 refugees who are living in an Algerian refugee camp. Where all the resources the camp are provided with are coming from donating countries.

 

Asria told us about the life in the refugee camp. She told us about how all the kids in the camp are getting an education, and that there are only a lucky few of the people in the camp with an education who gets to travel to another country and try to build a new life, and get a job and start a family. The others that are not so lucky, just sit around the refugee camp wasting the education they got. There are not many jobs in the camp and the families that are there, are just waiting for the UN to make an agreement between the two parties, and solve the conflict.

 

A big part of the reason why the UN hasn’t come up with a solution for the conflict has something to do with the allies of Morocco. There are five leading countries in the UN, and they are called the UNITED NATIONS Security Council. They consist of China, France, The Russian Federation, The United Kingdom and The United States. And one of them is in an alliance with Morocco. France is the country in the UN Security Council that are allies with Morocco, and France are using they’re veto to cancel every opposition that the UN is putting down concerning Morocco and they’re situation with Western Sahara.

Western Sahara has been occupied for the last forty years, yet we hear very little about it. Because of this, it´s often called as a forgotten conflict. But there may be a solution to this situation. The solution may be that countries such as Norway spread information about the conflict so that the people are aware of the problem. An informed public can put a lot of pressure on a government. That may overwhelm morocco to be pushed out of the country and Western Sahara can become a free country.

 

Fuelling the fire

The article “Fake new images adds fuel to fire in Myanmar, after more than 400 deaths” who was written by the journalist Rebecca Radcliff of the guardian, takes on the immediate issue of fake news in the media.

In the news article, Radcliff comments on the fake imaging of the raging conflict in Myanmar, imaging that has fuelled the heat in the two sides of the conflict. These images, some decades old, are being used as propaganda for both sides in the Myanmar military and Rohingya rebels are using misleading images to rally support.

Campaigners are mentioning, that misleading images which are depicting the violent acts in Myanmar and being shared on social media are showing distrust and are undermining the work of the human rights group.

Radcliff also mentions the refugees who arrived in Bangladesh last week, due to the most recent huge counter-offensive by the military. The refugees apparently reported villages raided and burned down by soldiers. The government blames the rebels and accuses them of burning down homes and the killing of Buddhists and Hindus, a claim that is repeated by some residents.

The violence has also led to a flood of social media post purporting to depict torture and killings. Also, the prime minister of Turkey, Mehmet Simsek, was criticised for tweeting graphic images of corpses alongside a message warning of a massacre against the Rohingya. Later the prime minister deleted the tweet after readers questioned whether or not the images were from Myanmar.

The post from the prime minister that depicted the cruelty in Myanmar was shared more than 1.600 times and liked more than 1.200 people. One of the images that were shared was from Rwanda in 1994.

Matthew Smith, chief executive of the human rights group, FortyfyRights, said such posts are “tremendously unhelpful” and fuel distrust.

My opinion on the matter is that fake news is to be rid of. The images and false reports don’t do anything else than increasing the rage and unhappiness, and at the same time weakens the newscaster’s credibility. Public profiles like the prime minister and other important people with a large following, are to check their facts before making statements on social media